Louis What is lesbian partner violence? Partner violence in lesbian and gay relationships recently has been identified as an important social problem. Partner or domestic violence among lesbians has been defined as including physical, sexual and psychological abuse, although researchers have most often studied physical violence. How common is lesbian partner violence? The research usually has been done with mostly white, middle-class lesbians who are sufficiently open about their sexual orientation to have met researchers seeking participants in the lesbian community.
Gender and Same-Sex Intimate Partner Violence: A Systematic Literature Review
Domestic violence in same-sex relationships is a pattern of violence or abuse that occurs within same-sex relationships. Domestic violence is an issue that affects people of any sexuality, but there are issues that affect victims of same-sex domestic violence specifically. Studies on abuse between gay male or lesbian partners usually rely on small convenience samples such as lesbian or gay male members of an association. Some sources state that gay and lesbian couples experience domestic violence at the same frequency as heterosexual couples,  while other sources state domestic violence among gay, lesbian, and bisexual individuals might be higher than among heterosexual individuals, that gay, lesbian, and bisexual individuals are less likely to report domestic violence that has occurred in their intimate relationships than heterosexual couples are, or that lesbian couples experience domestic violence less than heterosexual couples do. Gay men were close to two times 1.
Is violence more common in same-sex relationships?
Because the majority of the domestic violence awareness movement has focused on heterosexual relationships, members of the LGBTQ community have been largely left out of the movement. However, recent research shows that LGBTQ members fall victim to domestic violence at equal or even higher rates compared to their heterosexual counterparts. Prior experiences of physical or psychological trauma, such as bullying and hate crime, may make LGBTQ victims of domestic violence less likely to see help. Transgender individuals may suffer from an even greater burden of intimate partner violence than gay or lesbian individuals.
The influence of gender on intimate partner violence IPV has been predominantly studied in opposite sex relationships. This article presents the results of a systematic literature review in which the aim was to understand how gender may affect not only the violence in same-sex IPV but also, and mostly, each element of the couple and third-party responses. The search was conducted in four electronic databases: From the analysis of seven articles selected, four major domains were identified in which gender affects these relationships: It was concluded that gender, or gender role expectations, cannot be ignored while studying this phenomenon.