Medically reviewed by Drugs. Last updated on Jul 31, Anal cancer is an uncommon type of cancer that occurs in the anal canal. The anal canal is a short tube at the end of your rectum through which stool leaves your body. Most people with anal cancer are treated with a combination of chemotherapy and radiation. Though combining anal cancer treatments increases the chance of a cure, the combined treatments also increase the risk of side effects.
Anal cancer Disease Reference Guide - newwebsitemarketsearch.com
When cancer cells form into benign or malignant tumors in the tissues of the anus, anal cancer has occurred. The anus is the opening at the bottom of your intestines where stool exits the body. Anal cancer is rare, but when it occurs, it may spread to other parts of the body. Some noncancerous forms of anal cancer can also turn cancerous over time. If you have any of the below symptoms and risk factors, talk to your doctor about your concerns.
The rectum is the last several inches of the large intestine. Rectal cancer starts in the lining of the rectum rectal mucosa. It starts at the end of the final segment of your colon and ends when it reaches the short, narrow passage leading to the anus. Cancer inside the rectum rectal cancer and cancer inside the colon colon cancer are often referred to together as "colorectal cancer.
Mayo Clinic doctors work as a team to provide compassionate, personalized care for people with anal cancer. At Mayo Clinic, experts in digestive diseases and conditions gastroenterologists form a multidisciplinary team with specialists in radiation oncology, medical oncology, pathology and surgery to provide comprehensive care to those with anal cancer. Other professionals are included as needed. Mayo Clinic doctors have access to advanced radiation therapy techniques, such as intensity-modulated radiation therapy and proton beam therapy , to improve care for people with anal cancer. These advanced radiation therapy technologies allow doctors to precisely aim radiation beams to target cancer and to spare healthy tissue from damage.